Editors: Pau Amaro-Seoane & Bernard Schutz
The last GW Note is a Special Issues on eLISA/NGO

Gravitational self-force correction to the innermost stable circular orbit of a Schwarzschild black hole

arXiv:0902.0573

by Barack, Leor and Sago, Norichika
4 pages

The innermost stable circular orbit (ISCO) of a test particle around a Schwarzschild black hole of mass $latex M$ is located at $latex r_{\rm isco}=6M G/c^2$ (Schwarzschild coordinate radius). If the particle is endowed with mass $latex \mu(\ll M)$, it experiences a gravitational self-force whose conservative piece alters the location of the ISCO. Here we calculate the resulting shifts $latex \Delta r_{\rm isco}$ and $latex \Delta\Omega_{\rm isco}$ in the ISCO’s radius and frequency, at leading order in the mass ratio $latex \mu/M$. We obtain $latex \Delta r_{\rm isco}=-3.27 \mu G/c^2$ (in the Lorenz gauge) and $latex \Delta\Omega_{\rm isco}/\Omega_{\rm isco}=0.487 \mu/M$ (gauge invariant). We discuss the implications of our result within the context of extreme mass-ratio binary inspirals.

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